Why Rengasdengklok Event Occurs?
Rengasdengklok-PELITAKARAWANG.COM-Rengasdengklok .. Events are events starting from the “kidnapping” by the number of youth (Soekarni, Wikana and Chaerul Saleh of association “Menteng 31”) against Sukarno and Hatta. This event took place on August 16, 1945 at 04.00. Am, Sukarno and Hatta brought to Rengasdengklok, Falkirk, to be urged to expedite the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia, until the occurrence of agreement between the old groups represented Soekarno and Hatta and Mr.. Achmad Subardjo with youth groups about when the proclamation will be implemented.
Faced with such pressure, Soekarno and Hatta remain volatile. Meanwhile in Jakarta, Chairul and his colleagues have devised a plan to seize power. But what has been planned is not successfully executed because not all members of the MAP supports the plan.
Japan’s defeat in the Pacific War it became clear to the atomic bomb dropped by the Allies in the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. As a result of these events, the weaker Japanese forces. Certainty of the defeat of Japan missed the news when on August 15, 1945 early morning, the Allies announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally and the war has ended.
The news received via radio in Jakarta by youths who included people such as Menteng 31 Chaerul Saleh Abubakar Lubis, Wikana, and others. Japanese surrender to the Allies confronted leaders of Indonesia at a substantial problem. Indonesia experienced a power vacuum (vacuum of power). Japan still ruled over Indonesia despite having surrendered, while the Allied forces that will replace those yet to come. Gunseikan have received special orders to maintain the status quo until the arrival of the Allied forces. The existence of the power vacuum caused conflict between the younger and older groups on the issue of the independence of Indonesia.
Rising generation wants immediate proclamation echoed. They include Sukarni, BM Diah, Joseph Kunto, Wikana, Sayuti Melik, Adam Malik, and Chaerul Saleh. While parents want the proclamation of independence groups have sealed first with PPKI. They were Ir. Sukarno, Drs. Moh. Hatta, Mr. Ahmad Subardjo, Mr. Moh. Yamin, Dr. Buntaran, Dr. Syamsi and Mr. Iwa Kusumasumantri. Young Group then held a meeting in one of the Bacteriological Institute in Pegangsaan East Jakarta on August 15, 1945 at 20:00 pm.
The meeting was chaired by Saleh Chaerul resulted in the decision demands of the younger who confirmed that Indonesia’s independence is a matter of respect and the Indonesian people themselves, not be mounted to other nations. Everything ties, relationships and the promise of freedom to be broken, and instead need to hold negotiations with Ir. Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta youth groups to participate in the proclamation states.
The next step that same evening at about 22:00 pm and Dervish Wikana representing youth groups urged Soekarno to be willing to implement the proclamation of Indonesian independence immediately separated from Japan.
Apparently these efforts failed. Sukarno still refused to declare independence. Robust establishment Ir. Sukarno did not declare independence before the meeting led to the younger PPKI think that the old group had the effect of Japan.
Furthermore, youth group held a meeting in Jakarta on Jalan Cikini 71 before 24.00 pm on August 16, 1945. They bring Soekarno and Hatta to Rengasdengklok. That meeting resulted in the decision that Ir. Sukarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta must be secured from the Japanese influence. The purpose of the youth to secure the Soekarno Hatta Rengasdengklok include:
• that the two figures are not affected Japan, and
• urging them to immediately proclaim the independence of Indonesia in spite of all ties with Japan.
On the morning of 16 August 1945, Sukarno and Hatta can not be found in Jakarta. They have been taken by the leaders of the youth, whom Sukarni, Joseph Kunto, and Syudanco Singgih, in the evening the garrison MAP (Defenders of the Homeland) in Rengasdengklok, a small town North of Karachi.
Election as a security Rengasdengklok Soekarno Hatta, based on the calculation of the military. Among members of PETA battalion and battalion Jakarta Purwakarta close relationship exists since both hold joint exercises. Geographically, it is located Rengasdengklok remote, so that detection can be performed easily at any movement toward Rengasdengklok Japanese soldiers, both from the direction of Jakarta, Bandung, or Central Java. Mr. Subardjo Ahmad, a prominent old group was concerned about the condition of the nation and called to see to it that the proclamation of independence can be implemented as soon as possible. To achieve this aim, Soekarno Hatta should be immediately brought to Jakarta.
Finally Ahmad Subardjo, Sudiro, and Joseph Kunto headed Rengasdengklok. The convoy arrived in Rengasdengklok 17:30 pm. Ahmad Subardjo very important role in the event of a return to Jakarta Soekarno Hatta, as they can convince the youth that the declaration of independence will be implemented no later than the next day at 12.00 pm, his life as a guarantee. Finally Subeno as company commander willing to let local map to Jakarta Soekarno Hatta.
The Youth Combatants in Rengasdengklok
Some of the young men involved in the incident Rengasdengklok include:
• Jusuf Kunto
• Chaerul Saleh
• shodancho Singgih, officers of the battalion I MAP Jakarta as the leader of the group kidnapping.
• shodancho Solomon
• chudancho Dr. Soetjipto
• chudancho Subeno Rengasdengklok Cudan leader (at the company). Chudan Rengasdengklok have 3 pieces of Shodan (platoon level) is Shodan 1 led shodancho Suharjana, Shodan 2 dimpimpin shodancho Oemar Bahsan danShodan 3 led shodancho Affan.
• Honbu (staff) led by Budancho Martono.
• Kiki Abdul Gani.